Paintings

Description of the painting by Jerome Bosch “Haystack”


At the time of the decline of the Renaissance and the heyday of the Inquisition, society was filled with alarming prejudices and superstitions. Artists who worked in these rebellious times, as they could, tried to clarify the view of the world. Jerome Bosch writes from 1500 to 1502. the triptych “Haystack”, large in number of figures.

The central canvas of the triptych is twice as wide as the side wings. But they are all united in one plot. On the left - “The Fall” - on different planes of the picture the biblical story of expulsion from paradise is told.

The middle of the triptych is occupied by the “Haystack”, or the artist’s view of worldly life. According to the Dutch proverb, the world is a haystack, and a person wants to grab from it how much will take. Just this image formed the basis of the compositional center of the entire canvas.

A high haystack lies on a wagon pulled into the netherworld by strange beast-like creatures. Bosch skillfully writes fantastic servants of the Devil. Their faces are like wolf, fish, lion and bear heads, but their legs remain human. A crowd of people flickers around the hay. Fascinated by greed, they fight for the coveted hay. Someone falls, falling under the wheels of the wagon, others want to get to it using the stairs. The cart is followed by a multifaceted crowd, where peasants, citizens and even the emperor himself are visible with the pope.

In the foreground sits the figure of a fat church minister. Several obedient nuns offer him their prey.

On a cart sit couples in love with a musical instrument. On the other hand is a praying angel. He appeals to the Almighty on the clouds to have mercy on fallen people. After all, hell awaits them all, which is depicted on the right leaf of the canvas.

Bosch created a beautiful moralizing picture. The main symbol of which is hay as an allegory of the worthlessness of earthly riches.





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